Stash & Albums Documentation
This document details the behavior of version 2.3 of the Stash, Stash Free, Albums, and Private Albums apps from Hedonic Software Inc. You can purchase these apps on the App Store.
For support contact information, introductory videos, and answers to frequently asked questions, please visit our help page.
Stash and Private Albums hide their advanced privacy features behind a secret gesture. You must perform this gesture the first time you run the app, which ensures that you understand the gesture and helps you to remember it in the future. Thereafter the gesture is used to:
The secret gesture is a three-finger tap. Do not hold your fingers against the screen. Simply tap lightly with three fingers at the same time.
Important: the Zoom and VoiceOver features of the device do not allow applications to detect three-finger gestures. You must turn these features off for the secret gesture to work. If the secret gesture isn't working, open the Settings app on your device. Navigate to the General section, then the Accessibility sub-section of the settings. Make sure that Zoom and VoiceOver are switched off.
Stash and Albums allow you to create multiple independent accounts. Each account has its own content and settings. You might use accounts to share one device among family members, to separate data from multiple clients, or simply as an organizational tool. Each account can hold many thousands of items without significant loss of performance. If you have tens of thousands of items in a single account and the app seems to be slowing down, however, dividing your items into multiple accounts could speed things up again.
To create or edit an account, start by tapping the Edit button on the accounts list screen. In the Stash and Private Albums apps, you must perform the secret gesture to reveal the Edit button. The form used to create and edit accounts reveals many advanced privacy features, so it must be protected. In the Albums app, the Edit button is always visible above the accounts list.
After tapping the Edit button, tap Add Account to create a new account, or tap an existing account to edit its properties. Note that this method of editing accounts allows you to changed all of the account's properties, even if the account is limited.
You can also edit an account from within the account itself. After logging in to the account, navigate to the settings, and enter the Account section. Here you can alter the properties of the current account. If the account is limited, however, you will not have access to advanced privacy options from within the account. This is intentional - users of limited accounts should not be aware that these advanced features even exist.
Finally, when the accounts list is in edit mode you can reorder accounts by dragging them using the thumb on the far right side of each account list item.
Start by editing the account you wish to delete. At the bottom of the editing form there is a Delete Account button. Tap this button to delete the account.
Tip: by editing from the accounts list, you can delete the account even if you have forgotten its password. This behavior is intentional. Yes, this allows anyone who knows the secret gesture to delete accounts and the data they contain. Remember, however, that anyone with access to your unlocked device can delete your app data anyway - he can simply delete the app from your device. The key is that no one can see your items without knowing the password.
Deleting an account permanently deletes all of its content. File deletion, however, does not occur immediately. It can take a long time to delete all of the files in a large account, so Stash and Albums perform the deletion in the background as you continue to use the app. It may take several minutes.
Each account has its own properties, which you can set when creating or editing the account.
An account's user name is an arbitrary name that allows you to identify the account in the accounts list. We recommend names that describe either the owner of the account (such as your own name) or the purpose of the account (such as Personal or Work). There is nothing that prevents you from giving the same user name to multiple accounts, but it is not recommended.
After logging in to the account, the account user name will appear above the albums list.
Limited accounts are only available in Stash and Private Albums. A limited account is intentionally denied access to the advanced privacy features of these apps. Specifically, limited accounts do not have the following settings:
You can create limited accounts for other users and safely allow anyone to log into a limited account, without fear that he will discover these advanced privacy features.
Hidden accounts do not appear in the accounts list. They allow you to hide the fact that you're even hiding anything! If you create and populate an unprotected account with innocent media and use hidden accounts for your private data, the app will appear to be a normal media manager to anyone who opens it. They will never see your hidden accounts or even get presented with a password prompt. They'll never know that you have anything to hide.
To reveal hidden accounts, use the secret gesture on the accounts list screen.
Any account can be secured with an alphanumeric password or a 4-digit PIN code. Your password is never sent to us. It is only stored in the device's encrypted keychain. Your password will never be exposed, even if our servers are hacked or your device is stolen.
Warning: once a password is assigned, there is no way to enter the account without the password. If you forget the the password, your only recourse will be to delete the account and create a new one. You will lose the account's contents.
Decoy passwords are available in Stash and Private Albums. When logging in to an account, entering the decoy password will lead to a separate account with its own content. If someone attempts to force you to reveal your password, you can give him the decoy password instead.
Enable the TouchID switch to log in to your account with your fingerprint via TouchID. This option is only available when TouchID is enabled on your device, and it is only enabled for accounts with passwords. If TouchID is not working, you must have a password to fall back on.
Hack attempt actions are available in Stash and Private Albums. These actions are taken automatically after five consecutive incorrect password entries, indicating that someone is attempting to break into the account. Three actions are available:
By default, all items in your accounts are included in the device backups created during iTunes and/or iCloud sync (depending on your device settings). You can use the Backups switch to disable backups on any account.
For more information on backups, including how to restore your device from a backup, see Apple's support document: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT1766
Warning: if you disable backups, there will be no way to recover your account data if it is lost. Device malfunctions, deleting the app, restoring your device, and sometimes even updating to a new major iOS version can erase account data. Without a backup, there will be no way to get it back.
The boss button is a privacy feature available in Stash and Private Albums. When enabled, it allows you to instantly pause any videos and replace whatever is on the screen with a full-screen interactive map. If you are concerned about being interrupted while viewing sensitive material, consider enabling the boss button so that you can quickly hide what you're doing and pretend to be viewing a map instead.
The boss button feature is activated by making the secret gesture anywhere on the screen while you are logged in. Because iPhones and iPods are often used one-handed, you can also activate the boss button by giving these devices a hard shake. Once the map has appeared, you can only dismiss it by once again performing the secret gesture.
To log in, first select your account from the accounts list. If your account is hidden, you will have to perform the secret gesture to reveal it.
If your account has a password or PIN code, selecting the account will prompt you to enter the password or PIN. PIN codes are always four digits, but passwords can be any length; you must therefore press the return key on the keyboard after entering your password. If you enter the password or PIN code incorrectly, the entry field will shake and clear itself so that you can try again.
Tip: if the keyboard fails to appear when the password or PIN entry field is visible, you might have to restart the app. To restart the app:
To log out of an account, tap the Log Out button above the albums list. Exiting the app or sleeping the device will also automatically log you out if your account is hidden or has a password. Accounts that are neither hidden nor password-protected will remain logged in until you log out manually, force-quit the app, or restart your device.
Stash and Albums offer many ways to import your photos, videos, and documents. We try to make it as easy as possible to get your content into the app so that you can focus on organizing and viewing your media.
Imported files are never altered in any way. When you export an item again, you get the original file back.
Stash and Albums support all iOS image formats:
And all iOS-native videos formats:
Note: AVI and WMP videos in particular are not natively supported by iOS. Use a tool like Handbrake to convert these files to a supported iOS format before importing them.
Stash and Albums support most common document formats, including text, RTF, HTML, PDF, and most Office files. Any document that Safari on your device can view, Stash and Albums can view as well. Note, however, that documents are not the focus of these apps. If you want a dedicated document reader, you will be better off with one of the many PDF and document apps available from the App Store.
You can import any of the above files in the form of folders or compressed archives which you can then expand within the app.
Stash and Albums always preserve EXIF and other file metadata when importing. If the file metadata has an IPTC ObjectName property, the ObjectName becomes the item title. Otherwise the file name is used as the title. If present, the IPTC StarRating metadata field becomes the item's rating in the app. Additionally, any IPTC keyword values are automatically added as searchable keywords. Finally, Stash and Albums gather additional information such as file size and resolution during import. See Info View for details.
Note: metadata may not be included when importing edited items from Photos.
You can import and expand folders, zip files, CBZ files, and simple RAR and CBR files within the app. Multi-part RAR and CBR files are not supported. To expand any imported folder or archive file, simply tap its icon.
When your folder or archive contains nested folders, you will be asked whether you'd like to automatically create albums matching the nested folders. If you are expanding the folder or archive from within a standard album, the new albums will be nested within the current album. If, on the other hand, you are expanding the folder or archive from a built-in album or smart album, the new albums will be created as top-level albums.
There are two ways to import content you already have on your computer: iTunes File Sharing, and Web Access.
iTunes File Sharing allows you to import content from your computer over your device's USB cable. This is the most robust way to import content, and the fastest way to transfer large files or large numbers of files.
To transfer content from you computer via iTunes File Sharing, follow the steps below:
Note: Albums and Stash will ignore any files that are not supported. They will remain in the iTunes File Sharing list. To delete these files, highlight them in iTunes and press the Delete key on your keyboard.
The Web Access browser interface sports an Add Files button to transfer files from your computer to the app. You can use this button from the root screen, or enter an album first to add files directly to that album.
Tip: Web Access is not recommended when transferring very large files or large numbers of files. Additionally, it does not work well on all networks. If you have trouble, consider iTunes File Sharing instead.
Apple allows third-party apps to copy photos and videos stored in the Photos app on your device. Stash and Albums include an advanced Photos picker so that you can select individual items or entire albums to import. To copy items from Photos:
iOS requires you to grant apps permission to access your photos. If you receive an error saying that access to your media was denied, exit the app and open the Settings app on your device. Navigate to Privacy, then to Photos and make sure that Stash/Albums is granted access. (If you're on iOS 5, Apple requires that you grant the app access to your location instead. Navigate to Location Services in the Settings app. Make sure location services are turned on for Stash/Albums.) After granting Stash access, the Photos picker will work.
If you have selected items from any custom Photos albums, you will be asked whether you'd like to recreate these albums when you tap the Import button. If you are importing from within a standard album, the new albums will be nested within the current album. Otherwise, the new albums will be created as top-level albums.
Note: Third-party apps cannot access videos stored in the Videos app.
Dropbox is a free cloud service that transparently syncs a folder and its content between all of your computers and mobile devices. Stash allows you to download files from the Apps/Stash Data folder within your Dropbox. Albums accesses the Apps/Albums Data folder. Follow the instructions below to download from Dropbox.
If you have selected items from any subfolders within the app's Dropbox folder, you will be asked whether you'd like to create albums matching these folders when you tap the Import button. If you are importing from within a standard album, the new albums will be nested within the current album. Otherwise, the new albums will be created as top-level albums.
Warning: all accounts in Stash or Albums access the same Dropbox account. If you will be transferring sensitive files, consider downloading the Dropbox app, which allows you to protect your Dropbox with a password.
Stash and Albums can capture a photo or video using your device's camera. The resulting photo or video will be imported directly into the app. It will not appear in your Camera Roll or Photo Stream. To use the device's camera:
Stash has a built-in web browser that allows you download content directly to the app. See Downloads.
Stash and Albums fully support iOS's standard copy and paste functions for all allowed file types. Copy any supported file from another app. In Stash or Albums, enter the target album. Tap and hold on any item in the album, or on the album's background. Select Paste from the resulting menu to import a copy of the file.
Tip: you can also copy text from any app and paste it into an album. Stash and Albums will create a new text document containing the copied text. This is a good way to save data from apps like Messages and Notes that do not expose any document export options.
Mail and many other apps allow you to send files to other applications. This capability is built-in to iOS, and relies on each app registering the types of files it can open. Stash and Albums register themselves for all image, video, and document files, as well as zip and RAR files. Neither app attempts to take over the handling of these files exclusively; rather, they simply advertise their ability to open these files if you choose.
To send a file to Stash or Albums from Mail or other apps that support file sharing, simply choose Stash or Albums from the app's Open In menu. In Mail this menu appears when you long press an attachment. If it is a supported file, Stash or Albums will place it in your Inbox the next time you log in. To import it:
Stash and Albums allow you to export any saved content. The original file is always exported without modification. You never have to worry that Stash or Albums will alter your files in any way.
The file name given to each item on export will be the same as the item's title in the app. If multiple items with the same title are exported simultaneously, a monotonically increasing number will be appended to the conflicting file names.
The ratings and keywords you add in Stash and Albums are not added to your files themselves, and will not be present on export. Instead, Stash and Albums always export the original file, without modification. Metadata writing may be added in a future version.
There are two ways to export content from the app to your computer: iTunes File Sharing, and Web Access.
iTunes File Sharing allows you to export content to your computer over your device's USB cable. This is the most robust way to export content, and the fastest way to transfer large files or large numbers of files.
To export files to your computer via iTunes File Sharing, follow the steps below:
Note: Stash and Albums use a mechanism called hard linking to export your files. Hard links act like file copies, but without taking up extra space on your device. Thus you can delete the export folder without affecting the items in your app library, and vice versa.
Use the Web Access browser interface to enter the album containing the items you'd like to download. To download a file to your computer, simply right-click the file's thumbnail in your browser and select Save Linked File, or your browser's equivalent. It is up to your browser's settings to determine where the file is saved.
You can copy any photos or videos in Stash or Albums to your device's Camera Roll in the Photos app. Documents cannot be exported to Photos. To export your photos and videos, simply:
Stash and Albums have the built-in ability to send e-mails with your items attached:
If the items you have selected are too large to attach to an e-mail, the app may present you with the option of substituting thumbnails in place of large images or videos.
Dropbox is a free cloud service that transparently syncs a folder and its content between all of your computers and mobile devices. Stash allows you to send files to the Apps/Stash Data folder within your Dropbox. Albums accesses the Apps/Albums Data folder. Follow the instructions below to add files to your Dropbox.
Warning: all accounts in Stash or Albums access the same Dropbox account. If you will be transferring sensitive files, consider downloading the Dropbox app, which allows you to protect your Dropbox with a password.
Stash and Albums allow you to transfer your items between accounts:
When you log into the target account, the files will be waiting in your Inbox. To import them:
Long-press any item in your account to activate iOS's standard Copy and Paste menu. Tap Copy to copy the item to the clipboard. You will now be able to Paste the item into other apps that support pasting that file type. Copying from Stash or Albums and pasting into the Messages app is a popular way to send MMS messages.
Note: some items are too large to fit on the clipboard. This applies to many videos in particular. If an item is too large for the clipboard, the Paste option will not appear when you tap and hold on the item.
Stash and Albums allow you to send individual items to other installed apps. To send an item to another app:
Stash and Albums are powerful media organizers with features that go well beyond a simple folder structure. They utilize a database back-end to provide speed and features not found in other apps.
Albums in Stash and Albums are very similar to playlists in iTunes, in that albums are not folders. They do not actually contain separate copies of your items. Instead, you can think of your account's items as existing in a single large folder. And you can think of each album as a simple list referencing a subset of those items. The same item can exist in any number of albums, and that does not mean there are multiple copies of the item. The only way to make a copy of an item in Stash or Albums is to import the same item multiple times.
On the iPhone and iPod Touch, the albums list is the first screen to appear after you log into an account. On the iPad, the albums list acts like Mail's inbox. It is only visible by default when the device is held in the landscape orientation. When you hold the iPad in the portrait orientation, you have to tap the show/hide albums button - the folder icon with an arrow in it - to reveal the albums list.
Standard albums are just arbitrary groups of items. You can manually add items to a standard album, remove items from a standard album, and reorder the items in a standard album. Standard albums can contain any mix of images, videos, and documents.
You can nest standard albums within each other by assigning a parent album when creating or editing a standard album. Albums can be nested to any depth. Albums containing nested albums sport a plus sign next to their names in the albums list. On the iPhone and iPod Touch, tap this plus sign button to expand nested albums. On the iPad, selecting a parent album automatically expands the nested albums beneath it. You can set the app to always display all nested albums without you having to expand them in the library settings.
When a parent album is selected, its content view will display the items in the parent album as well as any additional items in its nested albums (and their nested albums, ad infinitum). You can turn off the display of nested album items in parent album views in the library settings. These nested items are gathered dynamically, so you cannot manually add or remove nested items while viewing the parent album. You must enter the appropriate nested album to manipulate its items.
The content of smart albums is determined automatically. When you create a smart album, you set the album's criteria. The app automatically populates the smart album with all items matching this criteria. For example, if you create a smart album and set its criteria to rating greater than three stars, selecting that album will display all items in your library that you've rated over three stars. If you reduced the rating of any of those items to three stars or less, the item would immediately disappear from the smart album. The content of smart albums is always up to date.
If you add multiple criteria to a smart album, the album will only contain items that match all of the album criteria.
Because the content of a smart album is determined automatically based on its criteria, you cannot manually add or remove items from a smart album. Similarly, you cannot manually rearrange the items in a smart album, though you can apply ordering to the items.
Smart albums are a very powerful way to organize your content. Be sure to take some time to experiment with them, especially when combined with keywords.
Stash and Albums include several built-in, undeletable albums. The built-in albums are all smart albums:
Start by tapping the Edit button above the albums list. This puts the albums list in edit mode. In edit mode, all nested albums are expanded. Edit mode also inserts two additional album list entries: an Add Album entry at the beginning of the standard albums section, and an Add Smart Album entry at the beginning of the smart albums section.
To edit an existing album, simply tap the album. To create a new standard album or smart album, tap the appropriate entry in the albums list.
You can also create a new album when moving items between albums. Finally, expanding folders and archives often creates new albums automatically.
The following sections document the fields of the create or edit album form.
Enter an album name. This can be any name; you can even create multiple albums with the same name (though it might be confusing).
Standard albums can be nested. Select a parent album to nest this album beneath. To create a top-level album, set the parent album to None.
Select an album cover image from the items in your library. If you are creating this album while transferring items, a default cover will be selected from among the items being transferred. Albums created during folder and archive expansion also receive default cover images.
The Album Order section of the form allows you to drag your albums into any order you like. Nested albums are ordered among other albums with the same parent.
By default, new albums are inserted into the albums list in alphabetical order. If you've manually rearranged the albums, new albums will be placed at the end of the list.
If you'd like to rearrange your existing albums, simply enter edit mode and edit any one of the albums, then use the Album Order section to arrange your albums into the desired order.
When creating or editing a smart album, you must define the criteria used to match the album's content. You can add any number of criteria, matching on title, keywords, rating, and much, much more. Make sure to explore the criteria entry spinners to get a feel for all of the options Stash and Albums provide. When you add multiple criteria to an album, the album will only contain items that match all of the criteria.
To delete criteria, simply tap the red minus button next to the criteria you wish to delete, then confirm by tapping the Delete button that will appear. To edit an existing criterion, just tap it in the criteria list.
To delete an album:
Deleting a parent album also deletes any nested albums it contains. Deleting an album, however, does not delete its content. Remember that albums are just lists that reference your content, they are not folders. If you'd like to delete everything in the album as well, enter the album, select all of its items, and delete them first. Then delete the album.
The builtin albums cannot be deleted.
Expanding a folder, zip, or RAR can automatically create albums. To expand a folder or archive, just tap it. If the folder or archive contains nested folders, you will be asked whether you'd like to automatically create albums matching the nested folders. If you are expanding the folder or archive from within a standard album, the new albums will be nested within the current album. If, on the other hand, you are expanding the folder or archive from a built-in album or smart album, the new albums will be created as top-level albums.
Thus if you have a complex folder hierarchy of content on your computer, an easy way to recreate this structure in Stash or Albums is to import the top-level folder, then expand it within the app.
To select items within an album, start by tapping the Edit button above the list or grid displaying the album's items. This puts the album content in edit mode. You will notice the bottom toolbar change to display buttons that perform actions on selected items, rather than the global action buttons that are displayed outside of edit mode. Now simply tap items to select or deselect them.
Use the checkmark button to select all the items in the album. When any items are selected, the checkmark button will change to display a minus sign instead. Use the minus button to deselect all the items you have selected.
If you are not yet in edit mode, a shortcut to entering edit mode and selecting your first item is to long-press the desired item. This will display the iOS copy and paste menu, including a Select menu option. Tap Select to enter edit mode and select the curren item.
Stash and Albums automatically exit edit mode when you perform any action on the selected items. To manually exit edit mode instead, simply tap the Done button where the Edit button used to be.
Transferring items between albums is quick and easy:
There is also a way to add items to the standard album you're currently in:
Removing and deleting are conceptually similar, but have very different results. Remove refers to excluding an item from an album. You can only remove items from standard albums. Smart albums always contain all the items that match the album criteria, so there is no way to manually remove an item from a smart album. There is also no way to manually remove a nested item while viewing its parent album.
Deleting an item, on the other hand, deletes it entirely from your account. Its files are erased, and it disappears from all albums, including the All album.
Warning: deletion is permanent. There is no way to retrieve an item after it has been deleted, short of restoring the entire device from a previous backup.
To remove or delete items from an album:
Stash and Albums can sort your items for you, or you can order them manually. Start by tapping the view mode button in the album you want to sort. This button looks like a grid if the album's items are in grid mode, or a list if the items are in list mode.
You will now be presented with a list of available sort options. If you are in the All album or a standard album, the first option will be the Manual sort. This sort allows you to order the album's items yourself. After opting to sort manually, you can reorder an item by first tapping and holding it until it turns translucent, then dragging it to its new position. Hover the item near the edge of the content view to auto-scroll while dragging.
If you select a sort other than Manual, the app will order your album's items for you according to your selected sort criteria. In this case you will not be able to drag items around. To reverse the sort order, simply tap the list item for your desired sort a second time.
Stash and Albums remember the sort you select for each album separately. Thus, for example, you can keep the Recent Imports album sorted by import time, but sort the Videos album by duration and your standard albums manually.
Stash and Albums sport two view modes for your items: grid mode and list mode. As its name implies, grid mode displays your items in a grid. Each item is represented by its thumbnail. By default, document and archive files also display their title; you can configure which file types display their titles in the library settings.
List mode displays your items in a list rather than a grid. Less items fit on the screen, but you can see more information about each item. The item's title is always displayed in addition to extra information such as its resolution and duration.
The Documents album defaults to list mode; all other albums default to grid mode. You can change an album's view mode with the view mode button. This button looks like a grid if the current album is in grid mode, or a list if it is in list mode. Tapping the button reveals a panel with a grid vs. list toggle at the top.
Stash and Albums remember each album's view mode individually.
Having trouble finding a particular item in your library? Want to see all the items that match a certain keyword? Stash and Albums let you search though your items instantly.
On the iPad, a search field is visible above the content view of any album. On the iPhone and iPod Touch, you have to tap the search button - the magnifying glass - in the album controls to reveal the search field.
Simply type into the search field to perform a search of the current album. Search from the All album to search through your entire library. You can type an item ID, or any title or keyword. Title and keyword searches use prefix matching. So if one of your items has the title Beach Vacation, searching for be and vaca will find the item, but searching for each or cat will not.
Searches are fast - results will appear as you type! Tap the x button in the search field to clear the search and once again show the album's entire contents.
Some users are adamant that every item in their library be placed in a custom album. If you'd like to see all the items that you have not yet added to any standard album, you can do so by utilizing the power of smart albums. Create a smart album with its criteria set to Without albums. This smart album's content will consist of all items that have not been added to any custom albums. As soon as you add any of these items to an album, it will disappear from the smart album.
Stash and Albums never copy your items, but you might still get duplicate items in your library if you inadvertantly import the same photo, video, or document multiple times. Luckily, smart albums can help. Create a smart album and set its criteria to With duplicates. This smart album's content will include all the items that the app thinks you might have more than one copy of. To eliminate the redundant items, simply delete all but one instance in each set of duplicates.
Note: Stash and Albums cannot be 100% sure that two items are the same without a prohibitively slow byte-by-byte comparison of the files. Instead, they use an algorithm to detect likely duplicates. The algorithm can occasionally be incorrect, which is why the apps do not delete duplicates automatically.
Some properties of your library's behavior are configurable. To access the library settings for your account, tap the settings button - the gear icon - and select Library from the available categories.
By default, nested albums are only visible when you expand their parent album. Switch this setting to ON to expand all the nested albums in the albums list instead.
The content view for a parent album displays all of the album's items, followed by any additional items present in nested albums. Switch this setting to OFF to prevent the display of nested album items.
The Photos app allows you to edit your images. This setting controls whether to import the edited version of images that you copy from Photos. The edited version of an image will have your changes, but may not be the same quality as the original, and won't include the original's metadata.
In table mode the title of each item is always visible. In grid mode, however, items are represented by their thumbnails, and the item title may or may not be listed. Use this setting to configure the file types whose titles should appear in grid mode.
Stash and Albums not only allow you to enjoy your content in full-screen slideshows, but view and edit additional information about your items as well.
Info view allows you to view file metadata for your items, and view and edit additional information too. There are three ways to enter info view:
Regardless of how you invoke it, the info view displays the item's thumbnail as well as the many additional properties stored by Stash and Albums. These properties are explained below. Keep in mind that this information isn't just for your enlightenment: you can use these properties in your smart album criteria to help organize your content, and you can order your items on many of them as well.
The item title. This field is editable - simply tap the text to change it.
Whenever possible, items are assigned an initial title during the import process. When importing image files, Stash and Albums look for the standard IPTC ObjectName metadata field. If the image has an ObjectName, this becomes the initial title. If there is no ObjectName or the file is not an image, Stash and Albums use the file name as the initial title. Note that the file name is not always available - for example it is missing when pasting content and often when importing from Photos. In these cases no initial title is assigned, and the item will appear as Untitled.
Stash and Albums allow you to rate your items from zero to five stars. Simply tap or slide your fingertip across the star icons to choose a rating. You can then order your items on their ratings or use the rating in your smart album criteria.
Some image files contain an IPTC StarRating metadata value. Stash and Albums detect this field during import and use it to assign the item's initial rating. All other items start with a zero rating.
The ID field displays the internal number that Stash and Albums uses to uniquely identify this item. If you know an item's ID number, you can quickly locate the item by typing its ID into the All album's search field. It is best to include the hash tag prefix in your search, e.g. #103.
The source field tells you where you imported this item from. This might be the URL of a downloaded item, or the file name of an item imported with iTunes.
The import date tells you when the item was added to Stash or Albums.
Some import methods preserve your files' original creation date. Additionally, some image files include their creation date in their file metadata. When it is possible to determine the create date, it is displayed here.
The size of the item's file on disk. Stash and Albums may create additional versions of your file for display: a thumbnail version, and for very large images, a separate screen-sized version. The sizes of these auxiliary files are not included in the file size shown.
This field is only present for images and videos. It displays the width and height of the image or video in pixels.
This field is only included for videos. It displays the video duration in hours, minutes, and seconds.
The number of times you have viewed this item. Views counts are incremented when:
The last time you viewed this item. Uses the same standard for viewing as the view count.
Keywords for this item. During import, if an image file contains IPTC metadata keywords, these keywords are automatically added to Stash or Albums. You can add additional keywords to an item by tapping the Add Keywords entry in the info view's keywords table. The resulting keyword entry panel allows you to select from your existing keywords, or type entirely new keywords. To delete a keyword from your item, tap the red minus button next to the keyword name, then confirm by tapping the Delete button that appears.
The combination of keywords and smart albums is a powerful organization tool. Keywords are also instantly searchable.
Note: many users ask how to delete a keyword from the suggestions that Stash and Albums provide in the keyword entry panel. These suggestions are derived from the set of keywords in use. To delete a keyword from the list, therefore, you must remove the keyword from all the items that are using it. First perform a search for the keyword. Select all the items that match the search, then use batch editing to delete the keyword from all of the matching items at once.
Many image files contain EXIF, IPTC, and other metadata. When an item's file contains built-in metadata, Stash and Albums place a Metadata button on the info view's top toolbar. Tap this button to see all of the file's metadata values.
Editing the titles, ratings, and keywords of each item individually can become tedious. Stash and Albums allow you to assign the same title, rating, or keywords to multiple items at once with batch editing.
The resulting batch editing panel includes a title field, a rating field, and a kewords table. Each field has a circular button next to it. Modifying the field automatically checks the button, indicating that the change will be applied to all selected items when you tap the Done button. If you decide that you don't want to apply your change to the field after all, simply uncheck the button by tapping it.
If you set a batch title, the title you've entered will be given to all of the selected items, with a monotonically increasing numeric suffix appended. For example if you enter a title of Foo, the resulting item titles will be Foo, Foo-01, Foo-02, Foo-03, etc.
If you set a batch rating, the rating will be assigned to all of the selected items.
The keywords table initially includes only keywords that all selected items have in common. If you delete one of these keywords, it will be deleted from every selected item. Similarly, any keywords you add will be added to all of the items.
Stash and Albums let you view your media in full-screen, interactive slideshows. Slideshows can contain any mix of images and videos.
There are two ways to begin a slideshow. The first is to simply tap any image or video thumbnail. The image or video will expand to fill the screen, placing you in slideshow mode. If you tapped an image, the slideshow will be paused. This allows you to view your image without worrying that it will quickly be replaced by the next slide.
If you tapped a video, the video will begin to play. Stash and Albums remember your position in videos over five minutes long, so the video will start from wherever you left off. Shorter videos play from the beginning each time. When the video is over, the default behavior is to move on to the next slide, which is just the next item in the current album. You can alter this behavior in the slideshow settings.
The other way to begin a slideshow is to tap the slideshow button - the icon that looks like two old-fashioned carousel slides. If you are in an album, tapping the slideshow button will begin a slideshow of the current album's items. If you have not yet selected an album, tapping the slideshow button will begin a slideshow of the All album. In either case the slideshow will immediately play, advancing automatically through each slide.
Spread two fingers to zoom in on slides, just like in Safari or Photos. This gesture works for both images and videos. Pinch to zoom back out. You can also double-tap any point in an image to zoom in or out on that point. By default, double-tapping a video expands the video to fill the screen or contracts it back. You can change this behavior in the slideshow settings.
Note: you can exit slideshow mode by making a large pinching gesture on a slide that is not zoomed.
Swipe to move to the previous or next slide. Slideshows loop around, so swiping past the last item in the album returns you to the first item. Swiping to the previous slide from the first item takes you to the last item.
You can jump to any item in the slideshow using the navigation strip. To reveal the navigation strip, bring up the slideshow controls and tap the navigation button, which is on the far left of the bottom toolbar. The navigation strip scrolls left and right to display all of the slides in viewing order. Simply tap the thumbnail of the slide you want to see, or tap outside of the navigation strip to hide it again.
Tap the screen to reveal the slideshow controls. The controls will fade out on their own after a few seconds of inactivity, or tap again to hide them immediately. The following secions detail each slideshow control.
The item's title appears in the center of the top slideshow controls toolbar. Tap the title to edit it.
Tap the info button on the top right of the slideshow controls to summon the info view for the current item.
The play / pause button resides in the center panel of the slideshow HUD. The button controls both the slideshow as a whole, and video playback if the current slide is a video.
To the left of the play / pause button is a small shuffle toggle. When shuffling is enabled, your slides will play in a random order. The slides will re-shuffle each time the slideshow completes and loops back to the initial slide.
When you begin a slideshow by tapping a specific item, the slideshow never starts in shuffle mode. When you start a slideshow with the slideshow button, however, there is a slideshow setting that allows you to shuffle by default.
The rating control beneath the play / pause button allows you to change the current item's rating. You can turn off the rating control and shrink the center control panel in the slideshow settings.
The three center buttons on the slideshow's bottom toolbar mirror the controls available to you after selecting items in an album. Use these controls to delete, move, or export the item for the current slide.
Certain controls only appear or become enabled when the current slide is a video. These controls are outlined below.
The scrubber shows you your progress through the movie. Drag the scrubber's thumb across the timeline to jump to any point in the video.
If the current movie loads from the web, the background of the scrubber will become more opaque as the video downloads.
The numbers on the left and right of the scrubber tell you the time played and the time left in the movie, respectively. These numbers are flanked by small arrows. The numbers and arrows together act as jump buttons. Tap the time played number to jump ten seconds backwards in the movie. Hold the button down to rewind. Tap the time left number to jump ten seconds forward, or hold the button down to fast forward.
When you are watching a video, the normally empty space to the right of the play / pause button is occupied by a playback speed toggle. Tap the toggle to cycle between normal speed (1x), slow motion (1/2x), fast motion (2x), and super fast motion (5x).
The camera button on the bottom toolbar allows you to snapshot the current video frame. Tapping the button produces a menu with two options:
Note: some videos do not support frame snapshots.
Many aspects of slideshow behavior are configurable. On the iPad, the slideshow settings are available from the gear icon on the bottom toolbar of the slideshow controls. On the iPhone and iPod Touch, there is a Slideshow section of the settings available from the album list screen.
The shuffle switch determines whether tapping the slideshow button starts a shuffled slideshow of the current album. Tapping a specific item, however, always opens a slideshow in album order.
Turn this switch off to remove the rating control from the slideshow controls. This reduces the size of the controls overlay, allowing you to view more of the slide itself.
The following settings apply to image slides:
The number of seconds to pause at each image while playing the slideshow.
By default, images that are smaller than the screen are enlarged to fit the screen size. Use this setting to change this behavior and view small images at their actual size instead.
Determine the zooming behavior when you double-tap an image slide. Double-tapping can either zoom in on the tapped point (the default) or zoom the image to fill the screen.
The following settings apply to video slides:
Determine the action to take when a movie finishes playing. There are three options:
By default, videos that are smaller than the screen are enlarged to fit the screen size. Use this setting to change this behavior and view small videos at their actual size instead.
Determine the zooming behavior when you double-tap a video slide. Double-tapping can either zoom in on the tapped point or zoom the video to fill the screen (the default).
Tapping a document allows you to read it in Stash and Album's document view. The document view's basic reading behavior is exactly the same as the document support in the Safari and Mail apps.
Spread two fingers or double-tap the document to zoom in.
Most document view controls mirror the slideshow controls we discussed earlier. There is only one additional button: a back button on the bottom toolbar. Some documents link within themselves or to resources on the web. Use the back button after following a link to return to the document.
Stash includes its a built-in private web browser. The browser allows you to surf the web without leaving a trail in Safari. It also features direct downloads to your library.
Open the browser by tapping the globe button. On the iPhone and iPod Touch, this button is located on the albums list screen. On the iPad, the button is on the bottom toolbar in any album.
Note: the browser is not included in the Albums or Private Albums app.
Basic operation of the Stash browser is exactly the same as mobile Safari. Stash includes features like URL suggestions, history and bookmark management, and Google search. All of these features function similarly to the Safari equivalents.
Stash's iPad web browser features up to eight true browser tabs. These tabs function like those in mobile Safari. Simply tap to switch tabs. Tap the x button on the current tab to delete it. Tap and hold, then drag to reorder your tabs. Finally, the plus button in the tabs bar adds a new empty tab.
The iPhone and iPod touch don't have room for true tabs. Instead, Stash's browser allows you to open an unlimited number of virtual tabs simultaneously and switch between them. Tap the tabs button on the browser's bottom toolbar to see a list of your virtual tabs. Just tap any of the listed tabs to open that page. To delete a tab, tap the red minus button next to the tab name. Use the thumb on the right side of each tab to reorder. Tap the plus button above the tabs list to open a new empty tab.
Regardless of your device type, tap and hold any link to reveal the link options menu, including an option to open the target web page in a new tab. By default Stash will switch to the new tab immediately. You can configure this behavior, however, in the browser settings.
The Stash browser uses the same underlying rendering engine as mobile Safari. It should be no slower and no faster at loading pages. There might be minor variations in behavior, but pages will look exactly as they do in Safari. If you do encounter a page loading error and would like to open the page in Safari instead, you can do so straight from the Stash browser's action menu. Tap the action button - the square with an arrow point out of it - and select Open in Safari.
The Stash browser features enhanced media and document views. Tapping a link to an image, video, or document file automatically opens the file in the appropriate view. When an image or video is embedded within a web page, you can tap and hold the image or video to view the options menu. One option will be to open the file in Stash's enhanced media view.
The enhanced media and document controls mirror the controls in slideshows and the document view. They do, however, have one important addition: a Download button. Tap the Download button to download the file you're viewing directly into Stash's library.
Stash's browser can download images, videos, documents, and supported archives. On the iPad, downloads are added directly to the album from which you opened the browser. On the iPhone and iPod Touch, downloaded files are just added to your library.
Tapping a link to an image, video, or document opens it in Stash's enhanced media and document view. This view sports a Download button that allows you to download the linked file. Archive files cannot be viewed, so tapping a link to an archive downloads it directly. You can download image and video links directly as well: simply tap and hold the link and select Download from the available link options.
Images and videos are often embedded directly in a web page. Similar to a link, you can download an embedded image or video by tapping and holding on it and selecting Download from the resulting menu.
Tip: for some sites, you may have to start to play the target video in the browser before the tap and hold gesture will offer a Download option. Other sites block downloads of images and videos entirely.
The tap and hold gesture is used to access Stash's contextual browser menus. Simply tap the target item and hold your finger down until the menu appears. Be sure to allow the page to fully load before attempting the gesture, because it often won't work while the page is loading.
Stash offers several browser settings. On the iPad, tap the gear icon on the far right of the browser controls to access these settings. On the iPhone and iPod Touch, tap the Browser section of the app settings accessed from the albums list screen. The following settings are available:
The Stash browser can employ user agent spoofing to fool websites into thinking that you're browsing with other types of devices. Browse as an iPhone, iPad, or even desktop computer. This can be useful for sites that offer different content or behavior depending on the type of device you're using.
Though Stash offers many security features to prevent unauthorized users from accessing your account, you can protect your browsing habits separately as well. Set the Clear on Quit switch to ON to automatically clear your browsing history and cookies whenever you log out of your account. Stash will also close all of your open tabs.
Note: your bookmarks are not cleared.
Turn on Background Tabs if you want to stay on the current page when you choose to open a link in a new tab. Normally opening a link in a new tab immediately takes you to that tab. With this setting, however, you will remain on your current page while the new tab opens in the background. You can switch to the new tab manually at any time.
The majority of the privacy features in Stash and Private Albums were explored in the accounts documentation. Features like the hidden accounts, decoy passwords, hack attempt actions, and the boss button all make Stash and Private Albums the most secure media managers available. The sections below cover additional features that are not related to individual accounts.
The Private Albums app appears as Albums on your device, and its icon is reminiscent of a simple photo album. Nothing about the app's appearance gives away its advanced privacy capabilities.
The same can be said of Stash. Stash appears as st@sh on the device. People who don't already know the app's name will not read this as "stash". Combined with Stash's generic briefcase icon, people will get the impression that Stash is a business or technical tool, reducing the chances that they'll open the app.
All of the content in Stash and Albums is encrypted when data protection is enabled on your device. You can read more about data protection and how to enable it on Apple's support site: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT4175
Remember that your data is only encrypted when the device is locked, so if you want to use a tool like iPhone Explorer to browse your Stash or Albums files, you'll only be able to read the files after unlocking your device.
According to Apple, all iCloud data is encrypted, so you don't have to worry about your iCloud backups. If you have your device configured to backup to iTunes, we highly recommend enabling backups encryption in iTunes. Attach your device to your computer, and open iTunes on your computer. Highlight your device in the iTunes sidebar, and check the Encrypt Backups checkbox on the device's iTunes page.
Of course in Stash and Albums, you also have the option of disabling backups entirely. We don't recommend it, however, as it can lead to data loss.